The Tyndall Centre is a unique partnership between a selection of researchers from eight UK research institutions, who together with contributions from Fudan University form the Tyndall Consortium.
The headquarters of the Tyndall Consortium is at the University of East Anglia.
Tyndall Cardiff became a core partner in the Tyndall Centre in 2010. Tyndall Cardiff research is managed by the Understanding Risk  and BRASS  research groups, which conduct interdisciplinary social and behavioural research on sustainability and risk.
The Understanding Risk group is an interdisciplinary social sciences (psychology, sociology and technology studies, geography) research unit focusing on the impacts upon individuals and communities, and acceptability to people, of environmental and technological risk within everyday life.
The Group is based in Cardiff University’s School of Psychology , the largest psychology department in the UK with internationally-recognised expertise in a range of psychological fields. The ESRC Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability and Society (BRASS) is an interdisciplinary research centre combining expertise from the University’s Business School , the Law School  and the School of City and Regional Planning , focusing on business sustainability and corporate social responsibility, particularly on the relationships between businesses and their key stakeholders (customers, suppliers, investors, workers, local communities and regulators).
Tyndall Cardiff’s research also draws on expertise from elsewhere within Cardiff University  and other universities in Wales, through its membership of the Sustainable Places Research Institute  and the Climate Change Consortium of Wales (C3W) . With its position in both C3W and Tyndall, Cardiff University acts as a hub for climate change expertise and channel for exchange between Wales and the rest of the UK.
Tyndall Cardiff’s research focuses on the psychological and social dimensions of climate change mitigation and adaptation. Qualitative and quantitative social science methods inform our work to understand public and stakeholder responses to climate change, and sustainability decision-making by citizens, consumers, businesses, policy-makers and other groups. We have expertise in:
The psychology of climate change; public attitudes towards and acceptability of energy supply systems; sustainable behaviour change and energy demand reduction; social conflicts and siting of large scale energy technologies; risk perception, communication and public engagement; automotive industry and technologies; energy infrastructures; energy futures; sustainable communities; and ecological footprinting.
The Tyndall Centre has initiated a new partnership with the Research Institute for Global Environmental Change (RICE) at Fudan University, Shanghai, one of the big three Universities in China.
This expansion of the Tyndall Centre to China creates new opportunities for collaborative research by bringing together UK and Chinese researchers from across the scientific, engineering, social science and economic communities.
China is in the process of becoming the world’s most powerful economy. Their development pathway will strongly influence global climate change, the world’s food, energy and human security, and have predominant impact on water security and air quality in East Asia.
The Tyndall Fudan research ambitions are focussed around 1) greenhouse gas stabilisation and transition to a low carbon economy, 2) food, water and human security, and 3) building resilience and reducing the vulnerability of people and places. These new collaborations between UK and Chinese researchers will help provide key insights on the drivers of global change and help manage the pathways of world development.
Tyndall Fudan is funded with a 15 year commitment by the Chinese central government through the 985 Fund and the Shanghai City government. The collaborative partnership is co-Directed by Prof Trevor Davies , Deputy Director for International Activities at the Tyndall Centre, and Prof Yiqi Luo from Fudan University.
Read more about: Fudan Tyndall's Interdisciplinary Research 
Global Environment Change Research in Fudan University [Link] 
The Department of Environmental Science and Engineering works on aerosol chemistry and its environmental impacts, environmental administration and governance, water pollution prevention and control. [Link] 
The School of Public Health works on environmental health and the co-benefits of atmospheric pollution control and climate change. [Link] 
The School of Life Science works on global change ecology [Link] 
The Institute of New Energy works on efficient energy storage materials, new technologies for energy production, and energy saving technology. [Link] 
The School of Economics works on low-carbon economy and energy. [Link] 
The School of International Relations and Public Affairs works on Environment and International Relations. [Link] 
The School of Social Development and Public Policy works on demography, resources and environmental economics. [Link] 
The School of Journalism works on communication studies of climate change responses. [Link] 
The School of Law works on research on the legislation in response to climate change. [Link] 
Our research mission in Tyndall Newcastle is to provide analyses, tools and demonstrations to enable practical responses to the challenges of intensifying global change. We are tackling the complexity of coupled technological, human and natural systems, at a range of spatial and temporal scales. Our research is shaping the management of long term change and associated uncertainties, in particular along coastlines, in river basins, within urban areas and nationally.
Newcastle joined the Tyndall Centre in 2004, working within the Coastal theme during Phase 1. We became core partners in Phase 2 and took responsibility for leading the new Cities research theme which led to the development of the Urban Integrated Assessment Facility: a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that allows climate impacts, adaptation and mitigation to be analysed in the same quantified assessment framework. Currently Newcastle co-ordinate, with Southampton University, the Cities and Coasts theme.
Newcastle University are one of the UK's leading universities with a reputation built on the quality of our teaching, outstanding research and our work with the community and industry. Climate related research at Newcastle University covers Urban sustainability, Infrastructure systems, Adaptation and Resilience, Water resources, Climate downscaling and climate impacts analysis, Flood and Coastal engineering, Spatial planning, Waste and environmental engineering, Transport and Energy.
The Tyndall Centre at Newcastle University is hosted in the Centre for Earth Systems Engineering Research  which is based in the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences  at Newcastle University . The School was ranked 2nd in terms of HEFCE's QR funding allocation in Civil Engineering in the most recent (2008) Research Assessment Exercise.
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The knowledge and approaches of Tyndall Centre Faculty and Researchers are taught to postgraduate students on these courses. If you are interested in these Courses please apply to the University that runs the Course you are interested in.
University of Newcastle: MSc Flood Risk Management , MSc Hydrology & Climate Change , MSc Hydroinformatics , MSc Water management  and Continuing Professional Development in GIS, Water, Climate Change, Transport and Earth Systems Sciences 
University of Southampton: MSc Engineering in the Coastal Environment 
The Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR)  conducts programmes of research, education and engagement in the interdisciplinary area of coupled energy-economy-environment (E3) modelling, with an emphasis on assessing strategies of climate change mitigation. The over-arching intellectual theme is NewEDGE (New Economics of Decarbonising the Global Economy). This involves building the theoretical and empirical foundations for study of how economic, energy and environmental policies interact to drive decarbonisation of national and global economies, and reduce the risk of climate change. The research is done both in support of national and global policy assessments, and in collaboration other groups in the Tyndall Centre to create an integrated assessment model coupling climate science and E3 models.
4CMR  is located within the Department of Land Economy  of the University of Cambridge , with collaborators across the University, including the Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership , Electricity Policy Research Group , Centre for Sustainable Development , Centre for Science and Policy , and Cambridge Conservation Initiative . The primary way by which we connect to the larger community of climate science and policy researchers is through the Tyndall Centre.
Our activities rest on four Research Platforms, each conducting its own specialist research, but integrated within the E3 and NewEDGE activities. Current Platforms are in Economics and Econometrics; Environment and Health; Energy and Material Systems; and Decisions, Risk and Uncertainty. In addition, we have a vibrant programme of stakeholder engagement, informing public, private and third-sector organisations about the links between climate change and the inter-related issues of energy, economic and environmental policy.
Our modelling evaluates short and long-term impacts of climate change policy on an array of indicators of social and environmental well-being. The key model is the Energy-Environment-Economy Model at the Global Level  (E3MG). This model has evolved from research that includes contributions from Economics Nobel Prize laureates and the governor of the Bank of England, and reflects a rich heritage in research excellence. It was one of the mitigation models reviewed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in their Fourth Assessment Report (2007). The IPCC were jointly awarded (with Al Gore) the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.
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Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR)
Department of Land Economy
University of Cambridge
19 Silver Street
Cambridge, CB3 9EPContact Information
For general enquiries
email: email@example.com 
website: www.4cmr.org 
Fax: 01223 337130 ( Please FAO 4CMR)
The Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR)...Innovating Integrated Assessment Systems
Engineering citiesEconomics modelling The overall objective was to provide scenarios of economic activity at a city scale. This was modelled by adapting the existing E3MG and MDM global and UK models of economic activity that were developed in part during the first phase of the Tyndall Centre. In keeping with the overall integrated assessment framework, the economics model was driven by global scenarios of climate and socio-economic change. These was disaggregated to obtain measures of economic activity at a city scale but remained in the context of global scenarios of climate and socio-economic change. Of particular interest to urban planners and policy makers was the potential gains or losses from cities or nations using their own powers to explore city-scale mitigation strategies. The different scenarios of economic activity was used to drive the land use model and provided inputs to the emissions accounting models. Task duration: 01/10/2006 to 30/09/2008
The Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR)...Innovating Integrated Assessment Systems
The Tyndall Centre is committed to delivering high impact research, based on quality cutting-edge science, supported by a sustainable inter-disciplinary research culture. The 2nd Phase of the Tyndall Research Strategy (2006-09) was launched on the 4th May 2006, and comprises 7 research programmes designed to carry forward the work from phase 1. 4CMR was the lead partner in research programme 7 - Integrated Assessment Modelling. Dr Terry Barker lead the research programme, which developed and used the Community Integrated Assessment System (CIAS). The system links a climate and closed carbon-cycle model, a global energy-environment-economy model, an impacts tool and a down-scaling module. It is applied to analyse specific scientific and policy issues, including costs of stabilisation of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, and post-2012 international climate policy options, including analysis of instruments designed to induce and diffuse technological change, allowing for the non-linear dynamic responses of the coupled climate socio-economic system.
Tyndall has had its headquarters at UEA  since the centre was first established in 2000 with the core of the Tyndall 27 co-PIs based at UEA. Tyndall at UEA brings together a group of interdisciplinary researchers who include faculty, research fellows and associates, and research students working across the Faculties of Science and Social Sciences. The Tyndall secretariat and many of the researchers are based in the Zuckerman Institute for Connective Environmental Research, or ZICER .
Research at UEA is undertaken across the Schools of Environmental Sciences  and International Development . Both Schools are internationally renowned in the fields as evidenced by performance in the UK’s Research Assessment Exercise of 2008. Key areas of research have been Adaptation and Resilience, Coastal Resource Management, Water Security, Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation, Climate Change Governance, and International Development. In addition much of the work developing integrated assessment modelling has taken place at UEA.
A major feature of the work at UEA has been the range of disciplines involved – including political science, environmental psychology, environmental and ecological economics, ecology and conservation biology, political ecology, quantitative modelling and climate science – and the depth of its interdisciplinarity. Tyndall at UEA has also benefitted from collaboration with research centres and groups at the University, including the Climatic Research Unit, the Community Carbon Reduction Project (CRed) , the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE) , the Low Carbon Innovation Centre (LCIC) , and International Development UEA (DevCo) . These collaborations have enabled not only cutting edge science, but innovative engagement with community and business, and with government and NGOs, through joint research, outreach and knowledge transfer in many different forms.
The University has further consolidated its support for Tyndall with the appointment of three cross-faculty lectureships who are playing a central role in the future research direction.
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Tyndall Manchester has been a Tyndall core partner since the centre’s inception in 2000, during which time it has lead the research themes focusing on energy and climate change. Based in the School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering and with close affiliation to the Manchester Business School and the School of Environmental, Atmospheric and Earth Sciences, the Tyndall Manchester team includes scientists, social scientists, engineers and economists.
Tyndall Manchester analyses both the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the adaptation to climate change impacts. The research programme currently comprises of 20 energy-related projects covering a range of topic areas including: emissions pathways work at a range of scales (e.g. Wales, UK, Russia and the EU), aviation policy, biomass and biofuels, carbon capture and storage, marine renewables, personal transport policy, freight, shipping, food supply chains, nuclear energy, personal carbon allowances, industrial heat, carbon trading and carbon labelling.
Within these areas the Centre conducts discrete engineering, scientific and social science research, and synthesises such work to provide an integrated system-level understanding of climate change. This combination of specialised and integrated research has contributed to Tyndall Manchester becoming a valuable resource to the business and policy communities, with Centre researchers regularly requested to contribute to high-level policy debates across all spatial scales, from local and regional through to national and global.
Over the next few years, the Tyndall Manchester research agenda will both continue to address mitigation outside of the EU as well as build on the innovative and highly influential carbon budgeting research. This work will be expanded in two ways, firstly by looking as new areas such as shipping and secondly by considering emissions accounting from a consumption, rather than production approach. At a more disciplinary level, the Centre will seek to strengthen its climate change modelling, life cycle assessment and economic analysis of both mitigation and adaptation.
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The Tyndall centre is the UK network of excellence for generating sustainable responses to climate change, based on world-class interdisciplinary analysis and innovative forms of stakeholder dialogue In support of this vision, the Centre's three core objectives are:
to seek, evaluate and facilitate sustainable responses to climate change that will minimize its adverse effects and stimulate policy for the transition to a more benign energy and mobility regime;
to develop, demonstrate and apply new methodologies for integrating climate change related knowledge; to promote informed and effective dialogue across society about the options to manage our future climate.
The Tyndall Centre is unique in the UK in undertaking interdisciplinary research in support of sustainable responses to climate change, not only by covering the whole spectrum of geographical, time and human scales, but also by linking research efforts across disciplines in an integrated way.
The Tyndall Manchester team based at the University of Manchester, are leading the Tyndall Centre's research into 'Constructing Energy Futures: What are the pathways to global decarbonisation?' Our research incorporates cultural, political and institutional factors along with technical, economic and scientific analyses, with an emphasis in international decarbonisation over the next 50 years.
We are both developing comprehensive and systems level approaches to decarbonisation both within the UK and within an international framework, working from the level of national energy systems, to carbon intensive sectors, and to the household level and personal behaviour. We listen carefully to business, government and international trade organisations. The current main research areas are:
In Phase 1, the Tyndall Centre funded two CCS projects. The first was a [small pilot project] that compared geological and biological carbon sequestration. This work led to a larger integrative, [collaborative project] that assessed the potential for geological carbon sequestration in the UK.
Stabilising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations at or below 550ppmv is necessary to avoid 'dangerous climate change'. Achieving such levels, demands industrialised nations make significant emissions cuts, whilst emerging economies adopt low-carbon pathways. One proposed approach gaining support for co-ordinating the international effort essential for reducing emissions is contraction and convergence. Tyndall's aviation project aimed to demonstrate the severe consequences for the UK in meeting its obligations to reduce carbon emissions under a contraction and convergence regime, if the UK Government continues to permit, or indeed promote, the current high levels of within its aviation sector. The project revealed the enormous disparity between the UK's position on carbon reduction and the Government's singular inability to seriously recognise and adequately respond to the rapidly escalating emissions from aviation. A comparison of forecasts and scenarios reflecting growing aviation emissions with contraction and convergence profiles clearly illustrates this point. Results show that at an annual growth rate of only half of that experienced by UK aviation in 2004, the UK's aviation sector accounts for 50% of permissible emissions in 2050 under the 550ppmv regime, and consumes the entire carbon budget under the 450ppmv level. Key project conclusions: 1.The UK Government must urgently update its aviation forecasts 2. Without swift action to curtail aviation growth, all the other UK sectors will have to almost completely decarbonise by 2050 to compensate 3. The proposed partial inclusion of aviation within the EU's emissions trading scheme will do little to mitigate carbon emissions 4. Aviation growth must be curbed until sufficient steps are taken to ensure fuel efficiency gains balance growth. The final report is attached below
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While industrialised nations find it difficult to make effective changes to decarbonize, industrialising countries face the challenges of growing their economies, whilst reducing carbon intensity. We are studying the nature, determinants and methods of avoiding carbon "lock-in" by industrialising nations, by focusing on constraints within a nation's energy system, mechanisms for technology transfer, and the extent for technological "leap-frogging" fossil fuelled electricity.
This project will develop a city scale emissions accounting tool that estimates greenhouse gas emissions on the city scale. In conjunction with this, the GRIP scenario tool will be adapted to work on the city scale, with both of these pieces of work being focused on London in the first instance.
Severe and Extreme Weather and its Impact on the UK Fire Service: A Study of the Effect in Four Regions This study investigated the level of vulnerability of the Fire Service in communities as a result of various recent severe and extreme weather events.
Vulnerability, in terms of demand on Fire Service time and resources was then mapped to identify local hotspots during severe weather episodes. The reasons for vulnerability occurring in certain locations were investigated through examining meteorological and environmental factors, as well as the Adaptive Capacity of the response community. The results were used to create descriptive scenarios of future severe/extreme events on the Fire Service.
Study Area: North Yorkshire, North Wales, Northamptonshire and Greater Manchester. Summary poster attached.
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The Decarbonising the UK scenarios produced by the Tyndall Centre are the first to fully integrate the energy system and include carbon dioxide emissions from land, sea and air transport. The scenarios integrate the perspectives of energy analysts, engineers, economists and social and environmental scientists to provide a whole system understanding of how the UK Government can achieve a 'true' 60% carbon dioxide reduction target by 2050. The Tyndall scenarios clearly illustrate that even a true 60% reduction in the UK's carbon dioxide emissions is technically, socially and economically viable. Read the full report attached below
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Personal carbon trading (PCT) schemes are emissions trading schemes under which individuals are holders of emissions rights. Various PCT schemes have been suggested including Domestic Tradable Quotas (DTQs), a scheme proposed in 1996 by David Fleming. Since July 2003, the Tyndall Centre has been assessing DTQs for their feasibility and appropriateness as an instrument of public policy. A new project investigating public attitudes towards PCT started in September 2006. In December 2005, the Tyndall Centre published a major report on Domestic Tradable Quotas (DTQs). Attached below.
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As the global economy expands, imports and exports are one of the fastest growing sectors in emissions, creating a need for practical policy options aiming to reduce the greenhouse gas pollution of this economic sector. We are exploring the carbon implications of international freight by evaluating the consequences of a concerted carbon reduction strategy and assessing the potential if alternatives such as high-speed rail. Our research includes the creation of a global freight carbon emissions database and an evaluation of carbon mitigation options in this sector.
Aviation and shipping are growth sectors estimated to produce a high proportion of carbon dioxide emissions in industrialised countries during the next decades but are currently not accounted for in national inventories of greenhouse gases. If these emissions are not accounted for, any policies to achieve a concerted greenhouse gas emissions reduction target will be infective because of faulty and incomplete accounting. We are developing a model that enables policy makers to explore implications of an energy system as a whole, or by its components, and to compare it with competing options. We are also refining the energy-carbon scenarios for the UK produced in Tyndall's Phase 1, creating new scenarios for other countries, and producing detailed carbon footprints for energy and transport.
The work carried out for Friends of the Earth involved generating two energy scenarios that paint a picture of the UK's economy in transition from a high to a low-carbon system over a 46-year period (2004-2050). The two scenarios are named Static Mobility and Mobility Plus. Under Static Mobility, the number of passenger kilometres travelled in 2050 is similar to the number travelled today. By contrast, under the Mobility Plus scenario, the numbers of passenger kilometres travelled on land and by air are higher than they are today - twice as high for land-based travel, and three times as high for air travel.
The report concludes that we must act with a matter of urgency to curb dramatically our carbon emissions if a 450ppmv future is to be possible. Furthermore, it is an act either of negligence or irresponsibility for policymakers to continually refer to a 2050 target as the key driver in addressing climate change. The real challenge we face is in directing society towards a low-carbon pathway by 2010-12, and thereafter driving down carbon intensity at an unprecedented 9% per annum (6% per annum in terms of absolute carbon emissions), for the following two decades.
The Friends of the Earth aviation report produced scenarios of EU aviation emissions that were based on historical trends and influenced by current growth rates and aviation industry forecasts into the future. The scenarios also considered the likely technological and managerial opportunities for improving aircraft fuel efficiency and alternative fuels. The scenarios were compared with the carbon reduction trajectories produced by the Global Commons Institute's Contraction and Convergence model for stabilising carbon dioxide at both 450ppmv and 550ppmv. The results indicate that the current very high levels of growth being seen within the EU's aviation industries can not be reconciled with a world striving to significantly curtail carbon dioxide emissions. The final report is attached below
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The overall aim of this project is to design a bioenergy system (consisting of a biomass gasifier and fuel cell in a combined heat and power system) that can be used to provide rural and urban fringe communities with heat and electricity. The choice of rural and urban-fringe locations is so that the biomass can be grown locally and thereby reduce the need for transport with its associated pollution and costs. The bioenergy system considered is for relatively small scale application where all or most of the processing is done on site, either as a residential appliance or a small power plant that will supply a rural community, hospital or school.
Aviation is the fastest growing sector of greenhouse gas emissions in the UK, and the government faces the challenge of reducing the growth emissions in a market with increasing demand for flying. We are exploring the social norms and standards of aviation practice; how availability of flight routes creates demand for consumers to travel; the role of the media; and the influence of dispersed networks of friends and peers. We aim to explore ideas for new effective policies and instruments.
This project developed a new methodology for estimating emissions on the regional scale and applied this to the North West Region of the UK, including a user friendly scenario tool that can be used in scenario generation exercises to quantify in real time the consequences of different regional future energy mixes in terms of Carbon Dioxide emissions, energy efficiency & intensity requirements. A project overview can be found here.
Understanding public and stakeholder opposition and support of new and emerging renewable energy technologies This project is mapping the various perceptions of bio, wave and tidal energy technologies as they develop and considering the wider values and worldviews that underpin such perceptions.
It is part of the Supergen project. Investigating greenhouse gas offsets for the UK aviation industry The aim of this project is to investigate greenhouse gas offsets for the UK aviation industry, examining the scale, technical and procedural developments required for offsets, to accommodate climate-neutral growth for UK aviation to 2050.
The objectives are to: To examine the ecological, socio-economic and institutional performance of current GHG offset strategies implemented in the private sector and through the UNFCC ( Clean Development Mechanism, CDM, and Joint Implementation, JI), including biological sequestration, renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.
To construct a number of discrete growth and offset scenarios for the European aviation industry, to minimise contribution to anthropogenic climate change. Quantitatively and qualitatively describe the scale, land take, geographical locations, costs and administrative mechanisms.
Define standards to eliminate perverse outcomes, ecological and socio-economic disbenefits.
To assess the plausibility, acceptability and consequences of each scenario through multi-criteria assessment, stakeholder interviews and limited elasticity modelling.
The proposed use of carbon reduction schemes such as Domestic Tradable Quotas, carbon taxes, or an extension of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, could effectively help to achieve strict carbon emissions reduction targets for the UK. However, they raise issues such as their fairness to people on lower incomes, set-up and running costs, and implementation problems such as eligibility, public acceptability, and technological and administrative feasibility. We are using econometric modelling on existing qualitative work to study whether these personal economic instruments are suitable to achieve strict national carbon targets in both the UK and abroad.
Supergen is a nationally-funded programme of research into sustainable power generation and supply. Researchers work in consortia: multidisciplinary partnerships between industry and universities, which are intended to promote interaction, generation of new ideas and transfer of research results, as well as significant step changes in power supply. Tyndall Manchester is involved in the Biomass and Bioenergy Consortium, overseeing research into the opinions of the public and stakeholders on bioenergy powerplants and scenarios, and undertaking extended life cycle analyses of bioenergy systems. Summary of Supergen at Tyndall Manchester attached below
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Thermalnet is a European network for biomass pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, funded through Altener in the Intelligent Energy for Europe Programme operated by DG TREN. The network addresses 15 different tasks, drawing on the knowledge of nominated experts across the European Community and accession countries. A task addressing non-technical barriers to bioenergy implementation is led by Patricia Thornley at University of Manchester, supported by Wolter Prins of BTG in the Netherlands.
The UK carbon capture and storage consortium (UKCCSC) is funded by the UK research councils under the TSEC initiative with the aim of facilitating the delivery of viable, large-scale carbon capture and storage options for the UK. The UKCCSC is a consortium of engineering, technical, natural, environmental and social scientists from fourteen UK research institutions.
The consortium is funded by the UK research councils under the TSEC initiative with the aim of rapidly expanding UK research capacity into CCS, and facilitating the delivery of viable, large-scale carbon capture and storage options for the UK.
The work of the UKCCSC is sub-divided into eight themes:
Theme A: CO2 capture, transport, usage
Theme B: Geological storage
Theme C: CCS & the environment
Theme D: Social processes
Theme E: Geographic information (GIS)
Theme F: Dissemination
Theme G: Modelling
Theme H: Dynamic Pathways Researchers at Tyndall Manchester are contributing to two of the above themes: Clair Gough is leading Theme H: Dynamic Pathways, and Sarah Mander is leading a project exploring media framing of CCS, under Theme D: Social Processes. Dynamic Pathways (H) There are three main objectives guiding this theme:
1.To gain a better understanding of the key uncertainties / controversies associated with CCS technologies
2.To identify key challenges / barriers to / conditions for the implementation of CCS in the UK
3. To build up pathways describing possible routes for CCS deployment in the UK, based on the results of 1 and 2.
An online Delphi survey has been developed in order to gather information and opinion from a broad variety of stakeholders. The survey is structured around questions on: the UK landscape, Capture and Engineering, CO2 transport, Storage, Leakage, Costs, Regulation, International context. Through this, we hope to gain insight into the level of agreement amongst expert individuals but also some indication of the perceptions of individuals engaged in the CCS debate in key issues beyond their specific area of expertise. Media Framing of CCS (D1) While there is ongoing work in public perceptions, and, to a lesser extent, in assessing NGO and industry perceptions, the role of the media has received scant attention.
The way in which the media report any new technology can radically affect the success of its implementation - how it is received by the public and other stakeholders as well as decision-makers in government and business. This work package aims to understand how media representatives perceive CCS within the broader energy and environmental debate, the process that affect these perceptions and the key risk issues that journalists may seize upon.
We will also explore the impact of the media framing of CCS upon public and stakeholder perceptions of the technology. Material from content analysis of newspapers will form the basis of structured workshops conducted in two different UK regions that will be affected by the adoption of CCS. The workshops will explore how different styles of reporting impact upon the responses of the NGO community to the technology. Interviews will also be conducted with local press, high level print and broadcast media representatives to understand how a new technology, such as CCS, emerges into the media spotlight.
Tyndall Centre Manchester
The Environmental Change Institute (ECI) leads the work of the Tyndall Centre at Oxford University, where Professor Jim Hall became Director of the ECI in March 2011, continuing the leadership of Professor Diana Liverman, who is now co-Director of the Institute of the Environment at the University of Arizona. Professor Hall previously led the Tyndall Centre at the University of Newcastle.
Tyndall Oxford is based in the Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment but has always included members from other departments as well, such as the people behind climateprediction.net in the Department of Atmospheric Physics. Tyndall Oxford was the biggest single recipient of funding from the Tyndall Centre before it became a core member in the Tyndall Centre partnership in 2006.
Tyndall Oxford led the research programme on International Climate Policy between 2006 and 2009. The focus was (1) is to examine the significance of the activities of non-nation state actions in addressing climate change, and to assess how they are affecting and will be affected by the post-2012 international policy framework ; and (2) quantification of uncertainty in climate projections for regional and local impacts assessment and adaptation, and on robust approaches to impacts/adaptation assessment, with a particular focus on hydrological, hydro biological and biodiversity impacts.
Tyndall Oxford made a major impact through the Tyndall Centre by leading the ‘4 degrees and beyond’ conference http://www.eci.ox.ac.uk/4degrees/ , held in Oxford in September 2009 and organised by Mark New.
The ‘4 Degrees’ conference led to a special issue of the prestigious Royal Society Journal to coincide with the UN’s Cancun Climate Change Summit of 2010. http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/communication/news-archive/2010/four-degrees-an... 
The work on quantifying uncertainty in emissions projections contributed to the publication of a paper inthe prestigious scientific journal Nature by Prof Myles Allen and Dáithí Stone in February 2011 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v470/n7334/full/nature09762.html 
Under the new leadership of Prof Jim Hall, Oxford will now be taking a significant role in the Cities and Coasts theme of research, which is co-led by Jim Hall http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/research/cities-and-coasts 
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For more info: http://tyndall.ouce.ox.ac.uk/ 
The Tyndall Centre Oxford is based within the Oxford University Centre for the Environment (OUCE) in the Dyson Perrins building in the University Science Area. Access to the OUCE is via Hinshelwood Road, which is off of South Parks Road. To see where the OUCE is within the context of central Oxford and the University, please view the University's map of the main University and College sites and locate #9  on the University Science Area inset. Alternatively, to see where the OUCE is within the greater Oxford area, visit multimap.com.
More information on travelling to the OUCE can be found on the OUCE's Contact Us webpage.
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Tyndall Southampton has been a Tyndall core partner since the Centre’s inception in 2000 and a wide range of research has been undertaken including earth systems modelling, water resources analysis, renewable energy and geo-engineering.
Tyndall Southampton is currently based in the Faculty of Engineering and the Environment  but a close affiliation is maintained with other Faculties and the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton  allowing a wide range of scientists, engineers and statisticians to collaborate on research projects.
As part of the Cities and Coasts research theme , Tyndall Southampton analyses both the impacts and responses of climate change for coastal areas and the research programme currently comprises coastal projects covering a range of topic areas including: national assessments of coastal impacts and adaptation, e.g.Ghana and Mozambique; the costs of adapting to sea-level rise around the world, regional assessments of coastal impacts of climate change in the EU, China, India and Africa; risk assessment in port cities and trans-boundary effects of sea-level rise. Members in Southampton have also been instrumental in the development of the Tyndall Coastal Simulator, a tool for assessing the interconnected nature of coastal management, coastal engineering and flood and erosion risk. Within these research areas, an overarching goal is the development of an integrated system-level understanding of coastal areas and climate change at multiple scales. Tyndall Southampton is a valuable resource to the business and policy communities, both nationally and internationally, with members contributing to policy research such as UK Foresight and economic costs of adaptation (World Bank).
Tyndall Southampton is also currently undertaking research in remote sensing of the oceans, particularly radar; the probabilistic forecasting of climate change including the study of uncertainty in complex numerical models; integrated assessment of delta areas for poverty alleviation (ESPA deltas ) and reduced complexity modelling of coasts in the UK (iCOASST ).
Over the next few years, the Tyndall Southampton will both continue to address climate impacts in coastal areas, and also expand this experience into other topic areas using systems analysis of natural and engineered systems.
Tyndall Sussex has been a core partner in the Tyndall Centre since the Centre was founded in 2000. Tyndall Sussex research is managed as part of the Sussex Energy Group  a leading social science research group that conducts engaged, multidisciplinary research on transitions to low carbon energy systems.
The Sussex Energy Group  is based in the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU)  in the School of Business, Management and Economics . Tyndall Sussex research has also drawn on other competences within the University of Sussex , particularly the Departments of Economics  and Geography . Members of the Sussex Energy Group also collaborate on climate change and energy research with colleagues in the Institute of Development Studies (IDS)  – including research within the ESRC STEPS Centre  and through the Climate Change and Development Centre 
Tyndall Sussex research focuses on climate change mitigation by analysing the implications of climate science for changes in energy systems – with a particular focus on low carbon pathways for developing countries. Current and recent examples of projects include the application of the Tyndall Manchester carbon budgeting methodology for a report: China’s Energy Transition, several phases of work with Indian and Chinese institutions on low carbon innovation and technology transfer to inform the UN climate negotiations, a series of consultancies for international agencies on low carbon innovation and development, and a project on interactions between global climate and trade policy regimes (with the Department of Economics ).
Looking forward, Tyndall Sussex will continue to focus on low carbon development pathways and the particular role of innovation in such pathways. Tyndall Sussex research will also draw on complementary projects within the Sussex Energy Group  which are more concerned with transitions in UK and European energy systems. These include research on the politics of low carbon innovation, the role of carbon capture and storage in energy system pathways, community innovation for sustainable energy, and sustainable lifestyles.
CONTACT US 
SPRU - Science & Technology Policy ResearchSPRU at the Freeman CentrePostal Address
SPRU (Science and Technology Policy Research) University of Sussex Freeman Centre, Falmer Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QE United Kingdom tel: +44 (0)1273 686758 fax: +44 (0)1273 685865 SPRU is based at the Freeman Centre, a purpose-built space shared by SPRU and CENTRIM, Brighton University's Centre for Research in Innovation Management. The open plan design of the Freeman Centre enhances research collaboration and encourages interaction between students, visitors, academics, business and policy-makers.