Resilience implications of policy responses to climate change

TitleResilience implications of policy responses to climate change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsAdger, W. N., K. Brown, D. R. Nelson, F. Berkes, H. Eakin, C. Folke, K. Galvin, L. Gunderson, M. Goulden, K. O'Brien, H. J. Ruitenbeek, and E. Tompkins
Journal TitleWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
Volume2
Issue5
Pagination757-766
Keywords2011, adaptation, coastal management, resilience, water
Abstract

This article examines whether some response strategies to climate variability and change have the potential to undermine long-term resilience of social–ecological systems. We define the parameters of a resilience approach, suggesting that resilience is characterized by the ability to absorb perturbations without changing overall system function, the ability to adapt within the resources of the system itself, and the ability to learn, innovate, and change. We evaluate nine current regional climate change policy responses and examine governance, sensitivity to feedbacks,
and problem framing to evaluate impacts on characteristics of a resilient system. We find that some responses, such as the increase in harvest rates to deal with pine beetle infestations in Canada and expansion of biofuels globally, have the potential to undermine long-term resilience of resource systems. Other responses, such as decentralized water planning in Brazil and tropical storm disaster management in
Caribbean islands, have the potential to increase long-term resilience. We argue that there are multiple sources of resilience in most systems and hence policy should identify such sources and strengthen capacities to adapt and learn.

DOI10.1002/wcc.133
Tyndall Consortium Institution

UEA

Research Programme

Adaptation

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