Shifting perspectives on coastal impacts and adaptation
|Title||Shifting perspectives on coastal impacts and adaptation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Brown, S, Nicholls, RJ, Hanson, S, Brundrit, G, Dearing, JA, Dickson, ME, Gallop, SL, Gao, S, Haigh, I, Hinkel, J, Jiménez, JA, Klein, RJT, Kron, W, Lázár, AN, Neves, CF, Newton, A, Pattiaratachi, C, Payo, A, Pye, K, Sánchez-Arcilla, A, Siddall, M, Shareef, A, Tompkins, E, Vafeidis, A, van Maanen, B, Ward, PJ, Woodroffe, CD|
|Journal||Nature Climate Chnage|
|Type of Article||Commentary|
With the release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)1, climate change has again been identified as an important driver of change. Coasts are particularly vulnerable, as they are directly affected by rising sea levels, storminess and other climate drivers: this is accentuated by other issues and changes such as urbanisation, including indirect landward and seaward influences (for example, reduced water and sediment input due to dams). Adverse consequences include increased flooding, salinization, erosion, and wetland and biodiversity loss1. Several recent extreme meteorological events have caused catastrophic human and economic losses in coastal areas, such as Cyclone Nargis (Myanmar, 2008), Storm Xynthia (France, 2010), Hurricane Sandy (eastern United States, Canada and Caribbean, 2012) and Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines, 2013). Although coasts have always been hazardous places to live, global economic losses have significantly increased in recent decades2. Climate change is exacerbating those risks. This Commentary demonstrates how successive IPCC coastal chapters1,3, 4, 5, 6 have shifted from impacts towards adaptation, assessing the relative role of climate change within a broader environmental framework, with increasing clarity and nuance, despite continuing uncertainties.