Clair Gough

University of Manchester

Senior Research Fellow

Clair is a senior research fellow conducting interdisciplinary research with the Tyndall Centre since its beginning in 2000. Clair is a specialist in Integrated Assessment (IA) and approaches for the inclusion of stakeholders and lay publics in the IA process; her research has integrated technical and social science analyses, featuring the use of long-term scenarios and public and stakeholder participation in the context of energy and climate change. She has particular experience in carbon capture storage and bioenergy and CCS (BECCS).

Clair’s current research interests address the challenges of delivering net zero emissions, including the role of greenhouse gas removal approaches (GGR). Understanding the potential for GGR is critical to understanding how the net zero goal can be reached. Reaching net zero depends on ambitious efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as close to zero as possible, as soon as possible, in all sectors; but where this cannot be achieved, the feasibility of net zero depends on the feasibility of GGR.  So as well as continuing to investigate the role of CCS in decarbonisation, Clair’s research aims to open up the discussion of GGR approaches, how they are represented in assessments and to better understand social, technical and environmental implications of GGR.


Selected Publications:

Waller, Laurie, Tim Rayner, Jason Chilvers, Clair Gough, Irene Lorenzoni, Andrew Jordan, and Naomi Vaughan. (2020) "Contested Framings of Greenhouse Gas Removal and Its Feasibilities: Social and Political Dimensions." WIREs Climate Change (in press).

Forster, Johanna, Naomi E. Vaughan, Clair Gough, Irene Lorenzoni, and Jason Chilvers. (2020) "Mapping Feasibilities of Greenhouse Gas Removal: Key Issues, Gaps and Opening up Assessments." Global Environmental Change 63 (2020/07/01/ 2020): 102073.

C. Gough and S. Mander (2019). Beyond Social Acceptability: Applying Lessons from CCS Social Science to Support Deployment of BECCS. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, (), 1-8 10.1007/s40518-019-00137-0

C. Gough, S. Garcia Freites, C.  Jones, S. Mander,B. Moore, C. Pereira­, M.  Röder, N. Vaughan and A. Welfle (2018)  Challenges to the use of BECCS as a keystone technology in pursuit of 1.5⁰C, Global Sustainability 1:E5 doi:10.1017/sus.2018.3N.

Vaughan, C. Gough, S. Mander, E. Littleton, A. Welfle, D. Gernaat, D. Van Vuuren (2018) Evaluating the use of Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage in low emission scenarios. Environmental Research Letters 13 (4)

Clair Gough, Patricia Thornley, Sarah Mander, Naomi Vaughan and Amanda Lea-Langton (Eds) 2018 Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS): Unlocking Negative Emissions, First Edition. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published 2018 by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Gough, C., Cunningham, R., Mander, S., (2018). Understanding key elements in establishing a social license for CCS: An empirical approach. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 68, 16-25.

Vaughan, N.E., Gough, C., 2016. Expert assessment concludes negative emissions scenarios may not deliver. Environmental Research Letters 11, 095003.

Contact information


Phone: +44 (0)161 306 3447

Fax: +44 (0)161 306 3723

Postal Address
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Manchester, Pariser Building, Manchester,  M13 9PL, UK

Tyndall Manchester

Clair Gough, Publications