Naomi Vaughan

University of East Anglia



Dr Naomi Vaughan is Senior Lecturer in Climate Change at UEA.

She is the co-lead for the Reaching Zero Emissions Theme at the Tyndall Centre.

Nem is currently the Principal Investigator for a four-year NERC-funded consortium project, Feasibility of Afforestation and Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture Storage for Greenhouse Gas Removals (  This work takes an interdisciplinary approach to the assessment of these greenhouse gas removal approaches, spanning economics, engineering, earth system modelling and societal and political perspectives.  The project works closely with a diverse set of stakeholders from government, civil society and business and industry to unpack and explore the feasibility of these approaches both globally and for the UK.  

Nem has provided oral evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee Science and Technology on greenhouse gas removal (report []) and written evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee BEIS on carbon capture and storage (report []). She was also an expert advisor to the Committee on Climate Change’s Net Zero Report [].

Nem’s research focus is on the way greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, can be removed from the atmosphere and stored for a long time.  Her research takes a very interdisciplinary approach to this topic, with active work spanning expert elicitation (Vaughan & Gough, 2016; Forster et al in press) and public perceptions (Bellamy et al, 2016; Corner et al, 2013) to quantitative approaches with the Carbon Dioxide Removal Model Intercomparision investigating the earth system response to GGR methods (Keller et al, 2018) and quantitative analysis of Integrated Assessment Model representation of BECCS (Vaughan et al, 2018).  This work builds on seminal work by Lenton & Vaughan (2009) that was the first paper to calculate the potential maximum effectiveness of the range of published geoengineering proposals in terms of radiative forcing.

Previous research projects include the EPSRC-funded Integrated Assessment of Geoengineering Proposals (IAGP) project and the EUFP7-funded European Transdisciplinary Assessment of Climate Engineering (EuTRACE) project.


Research Interests

Greenhouse Gas Removals, Carbon Dioxide Removal, Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture & Storage, Afforestation


Highlighted publications

Clery, D., Vaughan, N., Forster, J. et al. (2021) Bringing greenhouse gas removal down to earth: stakeholder supply chain appraisals reveal complex challenges. Global Environmental Change, 71. 102369

M.Sharmina., Edelenbosch, OY., Wilson, C., Freeman, R., Gernaat, DEHJ.,  Gilbert, P., Larkin, A., Littleton, E.W., Traut, M., Van Vuuren, DP.,  Vaughan, N., Wood, FR., Le Quéré (2020), Decarbonising the critical sectors of aviation, shipping, road freight and industry to limit warming to 1.5–2°C, Climate Policy.

Forster, J., Vaughan, N., Gough, C., Lorenzoni, I., Chilvers, J. Mapping feasibilities of greenhouse gas removal: Key issues, gaps and opening up assessments. Global Environmental Change, Vol 63.

Waller, L., T. Rayner, J. Chilvers, C. Gough, I. Lorenzoni, A. Jordan and N. Vaughan (2020) Contested Framings of Greenhouse Gas Removal and its Feasibility: Social and Political Dimensions.  WIRES Climate Change, DOI: 10.1002/wcc.649

Vaughan, N.E., Gough, C., Mander, S., Littleton, E.W., Welfle, A., Gernaat, D.E.H.J., van Vuuren, D.P. (2018) Evaluating the use of biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in low emission scenarios Environmental Research Letters

Keller, D.P., Lenton, A., Scott, V., Vaughan, N.E., Bauer, N., Ji, D., Jones, C.D., Kravitz, B., Muri, H., Zickfeld, K. (2018) The Carbon Dioxide Removal Model Intercomparison Project (CDRMIP): rationale and experimental protocol for CMIP6. Global Model Development

Gough, C., Garcia-Freites, S., Jones, C., Mander, S., Moore, B., Pereira, C., Roder, M., Vaughan, N., Welfle, A. (2018) Challenges to the use of BECCS as a keystone technology in pursuit of 1.5⁰C. Global Sustainability

Lawrence, M.G., Schafer, S., Muri, H., Scott, V., Oschlies, A., Vaughan, N.E., Boucher, O., Schmidt, H., Haywood, J., Scheffran, J. (2018) Evaluating climate geoengineering proposals in the context of the Paris Agreement temperature goals. Nature Communications

Vaughan, N.E. & Gough, C. (2016) Expert assessment concludes negative emissions scenarios may not deliver. Environmental Research Letters

Bellamy, R., Chilvers, J. & Vaughan, N. (2016) Deliberative Mapping of options for tackling climate change: Citizens and specialists ‘open up’ appraisal of geoengineering. Public Understanding of Science

Pidgeon, N., Parkhill, K., Corner, A., Vaughan, N. (2013) Deliberating stratospheric aerosols for climate geoengineering and the SPICE project. Nature Climate Change

Corner, A., Parkhill, K., Pidgeon, N., Vaughan, N. E. (2013) Messing with nature? Exploring public perceptions of geoengineering in the UK. Global Environmental Change

Lenton, T., Vaughan, N. (2009) The radiative forcing potential of different climate geoengineering options. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics


Further publications


Ideas & insights

Contact information


Phone: +44 (0)1603 593904

Postal Address
School of Environmental Sciences University of East Anglia Norwich NR4 7TJ United Kingdom