Climate variability and dengue fever in warm and humid Mexico

TitleClimate variability and dengue fever in warm and humid Mexico
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsColón-González, FJ, Lake, IR, Bentham, G
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Start Page757
ISBN Number00029637
Keywordsclimate change, dengue

Multiple linear regression models were fitted to look for associations between changes in the incidence rate of dengue fever and climate variability in the warm and humid region of Mexico. Data were collected for 12 Mexican provinces over a 23-year period (January 1985 to December 2007). Our results show that the incidence rate or risk of infection is higher during El Niño events and in the warm and wet season. We provide evidence to show that dengue fever incidence was positively associated with the strength of El Niño and the minimum temperature, especially during the cool and dry season. Our study complements the understanding of dengue fever dynamics in the region and may be useful for the development of early warning systems. Copyright © 2011 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.