Investigation of diverse bacteria in cloud water at Mt. Tai, China

TitleInvestigation of diverse bacteria in cloud water at Mt. Tai, China
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsXu, C, Wei, M, Chen, J, Sui, X, Zhu, C, Li, J, Zheng, L, Sui, G, Li, W, Wang, W

Bacteria are abundant in atmospheric water phase with the potential to influence atmospheric processes and human health, yet relatively little information is known about the bacterial characteristics at high altitudes. Here we investigated the bacterial community by high throughput sequencing in 24 cloud water samples collected from September 26 to October 31, at the summit of Mt. Tai (36 degrees 15' N, 117 degrees 06' E, 1534 m a.s.1) in China. Diverse bacterial population were identified and the gram-negative bacteria contributed the majority of total bacteria including Proteobacteria (81.6%) and Bacteroidetes (3.9%), followed by gram-positive bacteria Firmicutes (7.1%) and Actinobacteria (23%). These gram-negative taxa mainly inhabited in leaf-surface and cold environments. Meanwhile bacteria involved in the cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei formation were observed such as Sphingomonas (6.7%), Pseudomonas (4.1%), and Bacillus (1.1%). In addition, Sphingmonas was more active than that in daytime and participated in the cloud chemistry process. Meanwhile O-3 and SO2 critically contributed to the variation of bacterial community. It is the first report on the bacterial community structure of cloud water over Asian area. Our results can serve as an important reference for environmental scientists, and biologists. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.